The essence of my art deals with the use of clay and steel to create sculptural forms and vessels. I am attracted to the precision of man and machine made steel objects and the manner in which clay can be manipulated to simulate such forms. The simulation of such forms with clay, the experimentation of various finishes, and steel and clay combinations are factors that I investigate. I have been creating with clay and steel for the past forty years. The inherent qualities of both media fascinate me. In clay, it's the plastic quality that allows it to be modeled into a wide range of forms. I take advantage of its plasticity and its ability to be transformed into whatever form I want. I model some pieces to simulate steel while I manipulate others to show its fragility. In steel, it's the strength, the immediacy, and the process that captivates me.